The development of watchmaking industry has gone through more than 500 years. In this long history, the watchmaking industry also has a different division of labor. They are responsible for manufacturing movements, dials, hands, cases, enamels. , Jewelry, and other positions, and the input of each role is based on culture, skills and enthusiasm. Culture is the medium of all creation and a resource for developing creativity that already exists. Knowledge of mathematics, astronomy and micromechanics is of great significance for manufacturing movements. At the same time, art culture and design experience are also essential.
Whether handmade or with the help of machines, haute horlogeries are always exploring all the potential of human wisdom. Many basic tools have been used since ancient times. Files, saws, pliers, screwdrivers, drills, compasses … Although some of these tools have been replaced by automated and CNC machines and promoted production, but for watchmaking technology and art Research is never ending.
Culture and knowledge can be passed from one generation to the next through language, and the hard work will be passed on to craftsmen who love perfect craftsmanship. In fact, fine watchmaking artists do not even consider the number of products, but inject a strong enthusiasm into their works. In short, culture is the source of inspiration, skills are absolutely necessary, and enthusiasm can develop more potential talents.
In the late 13th century, clocks with escapement and hammer power mechanisms have appeared, where they now appear in France, Britain, Italy, and later Germany and Belgium. Although we can’t say exactly who made those clocks, the invention of these timers is very meaningful for human progress.
The artisans who made clocks at that time were called ‘metal artisans’. It wasn’t until 1544 that the clockmaker became a legal occupation. At their request, the French king François I organized the clockmaker into a union. This is to prevent problems in product quality. When clockmakers are promoted to masters, they will not only improve their work, but also have the ability to support their lives. There will be imprints and even signatures in their works. Although these measures will protect the identity of the clockmaker, they are still under pressure from the goldsmith and try to prevent them from making precious metal items. From the beginning, goldsmiths retained the right to make gold or silver clocks.
In fact, the 1646 Act even states that ‘goldsmiths or members of other unions are not allowed to directly or indirectly participate in the manufacture and sale of clocks, big or small, old or new, unless he is a master clockmaker.’ Despite these ordinances, the power of the clockmaker is still unable to compete with competitors and is still forced to struggle hard. Because the goldsmiths have a lot of resources, they can find more outlets in the manufacture of diversified gold and silver utensils, and the clockmakers have no close ties with the trade merchants in Paris.